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Income Tax Payable 2023 (All You Need to Know)

For Income Tax Payable 2023, one should not worry, as many of the tax slabs have remained the same, yet the previous cap is extended with some minor changes. The Indian finance minister annually introduces new tax brackets for citizens. Two separate income tax structures have recently been implemented. Taxpayers can take advantage of tax breaks under the new and old systems.

Nirmala Sitharaman, the finance minister, presented the annual Union Budget on February 1, 2023. The standard income tax bracket has been modified as part of the most recent budget. The finance minister claims that the new tax system increases the income tax rebate from Rs. 5 lacs to Rs. 7 lacs. The new tax regime also saw adjustments to the tax bracket. Most importantly, the 37% surcharge on earnings over Rs. 5 crores has been reduced to 25%. You can now submit your tax return through the New Income Tax Portal. The new system is packed with helpful tools that should make it easier to complete tax returns.

What Is a Slab of Income Tax?

The method through which Individual Taxpayers are obligated to pay Income Taxes is called the “Income Tax Slab.” Depending on their financial situation, people may be subject to a particular tax bracket. It means higher earners will also be subject to higher tax rates. The tax slab system was implemented to ensure tax fairness across the country. The slabs are subject to change with each new budget announcement.

What Is Income Tax for Fy 2023?

Certain modifications were made to the income tax slab under the new tax regime for FY23–24 and the income tax refund under the new tax regime.

Slab Income Tax = % of Tax

  1. Maximum Rs. 3 lacs = Nil
  2. more than Rs. 3 lacs to Rs. 6 lacs = 5% of overall revenue
  3. more than Rs. 6 lacs to Rs. 9 lacs = 10% of overall revenue
  4. more than Rs. 9 – Rs. 12 lacs = 15 percent of overall income
  5. Over Rs. 12 to Rs. 15 lacs = 20 percent of overall income
  6. Around 15 lacs rupees = 30 percent of overall income

Factors to Consider When Choosing a New Tax Slab

Keep the following in mind as you select your new tax bracket:

  1. You have until December 31 to exercise your choice if you or your HUF did not generate any business income in the preceding years.
  2. It is not possible to switch to a different tax regime later in the year if a taxpayer has chosen the next tax regime as an option. You have until the end of the current fiscal year to alter your mind and use the old tax system again.

What Is the New Income Tax Slab for 2022-23?

New Income Tax System in Budget 2023: As listed, below are the recent slabs for the new budget regime. Income tiers = rate of income tax

  1. 3,00,000 rupees maximum = Nil
  2. 300,000 to 6,00,000 rupees = 5% of income over Rs. 3,00,000 is taxed.
  3. 6,00,000 to 900,000 rupees = 15% plus 10% on income over Rs. 6,00,000
  4. 9,00,000 to 12,00,000 rupees = 15% higher than Rs. 9,00,000 in income equals Rs. 45,000
  5. 12,00,000 to 150,000 rupees = 20% of income over Rs. 12,000,00,000 plus Rs. 90,000
  6. More than Rs. 15,00,000 = Rs. 150,000 plus 30% of earnings over Rs. 15,00,000

Indian law mandates that all individuals, HUFs, partnerships, LLPs, and corporations pay income tax. Individuals are subject to the slab taxation structure if their income exceeds the base rate (the basic exemption limit).

What Are the Due Dates for Estimated Tax Payments in 2023?

According to the IRS’s yearly timetable, estimated taxes are usually paid in four equal installments. Although they’re frequently referred to as “quarterly” payments, the due dates don’t always coincide with each other or cover three months of revenue. The fourth payment, due on January 17, 2023, is the last one for the 2022 tax year due in 2023. Nevertheless, if you file your 2022 tax return before January 31, 2023, and pay the total balance owed with your return, you are exempt from making this payment.

Timing for Making Expected Tax Payments in 2023

  1. Initially Payable From January 1 to March 31 April 18, 2023
  2. April 1 to May 31 and June 15, 2023, the second payment
  3. Third Payment June 1, 2020, to August 31, 2023, September 15
  4. Fourth Payment September 1, 2020, to December 31, 2024

Some rules let you deviate from the schedule, as mentioned above. For instance, you won’t owe any additional taxes for the rest of the year if you pay your entire 2023 estimate of taxes by April 18, 2023. You can avoid having to make January 16, 2024, final payment for the year 2023 if you file your 2023 tax return before January 31, 2024, and pay the whole balance owed along with your return.

How Do You Calculate Income Tax Payable?

The taxes must be calculated as follows: 

The following heads of income must be used to calculate total gross income:

  1. Salary
  2. Household assets
  3. Enterprise and profession
  4. Monetary gains
  5. Extra sources
  6. Taxable income is the amount left over after deductions and exemptions have been taken out of gross income. If you switch to the new tax system, you won’t have access to premises and exemptions (other than the standard deduction and employer payment to NPS).
  7. The net taxable income will be multiplied by the applicable tax rates to determine the tax due.

FAQs: Income Tax Payable 2023

What is a tax payable example?

Tax payable examples include the sales taxes payable account, where the obligation is noted when a customer is invoiced, and a debit is made to the accounts receivable account.

Who is eligible for tax payable?

The main categories of people and companies that must pay tax if their net taxable income for FY 2023–2024 exceeds the established ceiling are as follows:

  1. people with salaries
  2. Those who are self-employed
  3. independent professionals
  4. Undivided Hindu Family (HUF)
  5. artificial people that are recognized under the law
  6. Association of Persons known as the Body of Individuals (BOI) (AOP)
  7. Organizations and corporate businesses

What is the total tax payable?

To make things easier, if a company makes Rs.1.01 crores in revenue overall, it must pay income tax along with a 12% surcharge on the calculated tax, making the total amount of tax due Rs.32,24,000 instead. But, if the total revenue had just been Rs. 1 crore, the tax owing would only have been Rs. 31, 20,000.

Is income tax payable as an asset?

Accounting considers unpaid income tax liability, just like other outstanding debts. The owners’ equity remains after deducting your liabilities from your assets in the balance sheet.


The income tax payable in 2023 will depend on the choice of the tax regime and individual circumstances. The new one offers lower income tax rates but fewer exemptions and deductions than the previous tax system. Although the former system had higher income tax rates, more exclusions and deductions were available. Depending on their unique situation, people in India have a choice between any of the two systems. Use an income tax calculator to decide which regime is more suitable for you depending on your income and other circumstances after carefully weighing the advantages of each one.

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