Section 16(ia) Income Tax Act (Complete Guide)
Standard Deduction of Section 16(ia) Income Tax Act is straight-line deductions that individuals can claim against their income to reduce their tax liability. Salaried individuals and pensioners can claim a flat deduction of their annual income without making tax-saving investments.
What is the meaning of standard deduction under section 16 IA?
A standard deduction under Section 16(ia) income tax act is a straight-line deduction from employment income. The concept of standard deduction was introduced in the 2018 federal budget, with tax-deductible transport allowance and medical allowance replacing INR 19,200 and INR 15,000 respectively.
The limits for standard deductions according to section 16(ia) have changed in the 2019 interim budget. From the cap of INR 40,000, the deductible has been increased to INR 50,000 to provide more tax deductions to employees. Currently, the standard deduction from salary income for the financial year 2022-23 and other future payroll income is INR 50,000 until future budget changes.
Salaried employees can claim this deduction as a waiver regardless of the actual expense. The government has introduced this benefit to replacing the transportation allowance and medical allowance.
Employed taxpayers can claim the lower of the following amounts as a standard deduction from their gross salary for each financial year:
₹50,000 (from AY 2020 – 21 onwards) or salary amount.
Who is eligible for deduction under Section 16 IA?
Salaried employees can take this deduction to reduce the taxable amount of their taxable salary income. Employees can deduct these amounts from their total salary received to calculate the taxable amount under the salary heading.
What is the maximum limit of standard deduction as per Section 16 IA?
The amount of deduction available under section 16 (ia) of the income tax act for standard deduction is:
Whichever is lower
Can you claim a standard deduction under section 16(ia) from two companies?
If you have two Form 16s from two employers, both are deductible. Don’t add both the amount of the deduction. Individuals can claim up to Rs. 50,000 as a standard deduction from gross salary income.
How can you claim a standard deduction?
Employers typically take this deduction into account when calculating the tax deducted at source (TDS) applicable to annual wages. The Form 16 issued by your employer should reflect this amount. However, if it is not included, you can claim the standard deduction when you file your tax return.
What are benefits of section 16(ia) standard deduction?
Standard deductions offer many benefits to taxpayers as they allow taxpayers to easily and completely reduce their tax liability.
Flat Deduction: A standard deduction is a straight-line deduction that a taxpayer can present when filing her ITR. There are no caps or minimum requirements like other tax relief provisions in the Income Tax Act.
More effective than tax-saving investment options: For employees who do not want to invest, the standard deduction u/s 16 (ia) is the best way to reduce their tax burden. For example, if your annual income is up to INR 5,000,000, you can claim an exemption of INR 50,000 through annual deductions and receive a tax refund on the remaining INR 5,000,000 per year under Section 87A. This means your income is completely tax-free.
A completely hassle-free way to save tax: Unlike other tax-saving methods like rent payments, mortgage interest payments, and tax-saving investments that require you to show all of these deductions, standard deductions allow taxpayers to claim a lower tax burden without documentation. It’s convenient because you can play and enjoy it.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What documentation do I need to submit to the ITR to claim the standard deduction?
When filing an ITR, it is not mandatory to submit any documentation to claim the standard deduction.
Can I claim both standard deductions and other deductions?
Yes, in addition to standard deductions, you can claim other deductions such as deduction on HRA, interest paid on the home loan, donations made, tax saving investments, etc.
Can an employer refuse a flat deduction?
No, an employer must provide a standard deduction when calculating your tax liability, deducting TDS, and filing your income tax return.
If an employer deducts TDS from salary, is the standard deduction considered?
Yes, employers usually take standard deductions into account when calculating TDS deduction from your salary.
Standard deduction limits have been increased to help taxpayers save tax without going through the complexities of tax-saving investments. Section 16(ia) can save you significant tax costs if you are employed. Knowing the rules will help you calculate the exact amount of tax you need to pay.
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